Hypersomnia | Causes, symptoms and ways to prevent excessive sleepiness

by sikandar141
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Adequate sleep is very important for good health, but when a person starts taking this amount of sleep in excessive amount then it can cause disease. Getting 7 to 8 hours of sleep every day is considered sufficient for a healthy body and mind (1). At the same time, there are some people who keep falling asleep all the time. This not only affects their functioning badly the next day, but it can also have a bad effect on health.

First of all in the article let us know how much sleep we should get every day.

Age Required sleep
0-3 months 14 to 17 hours
4-11 months 12 to 15 hours
1-2 years 11 to 14 hours
3-5 years 10 to 13 hours
6-13 years 9 to 11 hours
14-17 years 8 to 10 hours
18-64 years 7 to 9 hours
Over 65 years 7 to 8 hours

Types of Hypersomnia
Frequent sleepiness is called hypersomnia. Below are the types of hypersomnia i.e. excessive sleepiness in a sequential manner, which are as follows

1. Narcolepsy type 1 (NT1): Narcolepsy type 1 is a type of sleep disorder, which affects sleep patterns. The person suffering from this may have the problem of excessive daytime coming in the day despite getting enough sleep throughout the night. This problem may be due to reduced hypothalamic hypocretin neurons present in the brain and due to cataplexy. Explain that sudden muscle weakness is called cataplexy. Strong emotions trigger it.

2. Narcolepsy type-2: This is also a type of hypersomnia, which is commonly seen in adolescents. Like NT1, a person can be troubled by the complaint of falling asleep all the time. It just doesn’t have the problem of cataplexy. For this reason it can also be considered as the first stage of NT1. People suffering from this can feel refreshed by taking some sleep during the day.

3. Idiopathic Hypersomnia: People with idiopathic hypersomnia also feel sleepy throughout the day despite getting enough sleep at night. In this, the person does not have control over his sleep cycle. Compared to people suffering from narcolepsy, people suffering from it do not feel refreshed even after sleeping during the day.

4. Klein-Levin syndrome: This is also a type of hypersomnia, which is rare. Mainly this disease can affect adolescent males. People suffering from this can sleep for 20 hours in a row, who wake up only to eat and then fall asleep. This condition can be bothersome for a few weeks or months. The main reason behind this can be considered the disturbances associated with cognitive, behavioral and mental conditions.

Reasons behind excessive sleep
There can be many reasons behind hypersomnia i.e. excessive sleep, the main ones are as follows (4):

Not getting enough sleep at night: Working in the night shift, watching TV or reading till late at night, etc. can cause hypersomnia.

Due to the weather: Due to the chills in the winter season, sleep can be repeatedly broken at night. The same can happen in the summer season as well. Due to lack of deep sleep at night, there can be problems with sleep during the day.

Anxiety or stress: Some people do not sleep well at night due to stress. Because of this, it can be difficult to sleep too much during the day. Explain that a good night’s sleep is very important for a healthy sleep.

Taking medicines: Allergies and taking sleeping medicine can affect sleep patterns. Taking drugs can also be a reason for excessive sleepiness.

Consumption of alcohol: Alcohol consumption can also be one of the reasons for excessive sleepiness.

Caffeinated drinks: People who consume tea or coffee can affect their sleep cycle. Even more sleep can be a problem.

Having a serious illness: Hypothyroid, esophageal reflux, nocturnal asthma, etc. can be risk factors for hypersomnia.

Sleep disorders: Sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, sleepwalking, stress etc. can cause this condition along with disturbing sleep.

Symptoms of excessive sleepiness (Hypersomnia Symptoms)
Knowing the symptoms of hypersomnia is important, because for proper treatment of any disease it is necessary to be aware of its symptoms. If the following symptoms are seen in the body, then these can be early symptoms of hypersomnia (4) (6):

Feeling tired all the time
Daytime sleepiness
Difficulty getting up in the morning despite sleeping a lot
Trouble thinking and making decisions
Feeling short of energy
Loss of appetite
Memory loss
Difficulty in concentration
Feeling restless

Diagnosis of Oversleeping
Through the points given below are trying to explain how hypersomnia is diagnosed (4) (7) :

First of all, the doctor can ask the patient about the sleep history. For this, a record of the night’s sleep and wakefulness can be taken to find out the sleep pattern of the patient. It can also diagnose other causes of excessive daytime sleepiness.

Apart from this, doctor can ask about the patient’s lifestyle, medical history, medicines taken regularly, etc. The doctor may also conduct a mental health checkup.

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